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Understanding BiPolar Disorder & Recovery - Part 1

August 26, 2019

 

 

 

 

Hello Behavioral Health Community, 

 

  It has been long enough, since I last focused my attention to stay still, research, write, type and graphic design promo material for this a new article. You will learn to be a better you and a community member, while understanding Bipolar disease.

 

  Primary research is from NAMI, in partnership with its District of Columbia branch NAMI_DC. This multi part article dives into: Understanding Bipolar Disorder, Treatment, What you need to know about the illness, Terminology and Treatment strategies. Well, without further adieu, let's get into reading this"Understanding Bipolar Disorder and Recovery".

 

 

BIPOLAR DISORDER

 

 

INTRO

 

 What is Bipolar: "Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a common psychiatric disorder that includes periods of extremely elevated mood. Most people with bipolar disorder also experience periods of depression and periods of full or partial recovery. The cycles of high and low mood states and well periods may follow an irregular pattern

 

 Bipolar is a complex medical illness of the brain. Over the life of a person who lives with bipolar, the illness expresses itself in an irregular pattern of changes in mood, energy, and thinking. The changes may be barely noticeable or it may be overt and very throughout a person's life as well as individuals. The many variables and complexities are challenges for consumers, families and care providers." - National Alliance of Mental Health.

 

RECOGNIZING IT

 

 It is important to understand, recognizing bipolar is not simple, as it may seem. Psychiatrists use the Diagnosis and Statistical Manual (DSM-iv) for actual field tests. The criteria for mania (extreme episodes of mood elevation) are easiest and most reliable conditions to determine using the DSM-iv manual. However, there are several variables why bipolar disorder can be hard to diagnose. Here are just a few:

  • Most people living with bipolar disorder requires experience depression more frequently than mania or hypomania - reference terminology section. This makes it difficult to diagnose bipolar, because it requires the occurrence of at least one episode of unusual mood elevation.

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  • When the first diagnosis attempt has the following, it can be delayed: depression (mood elevation is subtle, few in between and not for long), other condition symptoms are present, or if health professionals use words without providing appropriate definitions. 

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  • (Bipolar is a mood disorder) Just about everyone with bipolar has other non-mood symptoms that are just as noticeable as the mood episodes. For example: anxiety, substance abuse, attention problems and other medical problems.

 Because of this, a thorough professional evaluation is needed to distinguish bipolar conditions from overlapping psychiatric and medical disorders. With that being said, it makes having condition recognizing talks sometimes confusing. These talks are made easier, when terminology that can be easily used for subtle variant condition, are all used in the context by support.

 

"It does come to a point of accepting the fact that you have a medical illness, very similar to high blood pressure or diabetes, and one in which overtime yo have to monitor shifts in mood, changes in behavior, and just be really observant of it"

 

HYPOMANIA & DEPRESSION

 

 "The term hypomania refers to a clearly altered mood state with mild to severe symptoms of mania that may last for a few days or may persist for many months." So, the main difference between mania and hypomania is how it impacts your social and or occupational function. Usually, mania's impact on your day to day life are obvious and leads to serious problems with relationships or work functioning. Hypomania does not impact you as server as mania.

 

 Hypomania can cause happy mindset of humor and increase productivity. For most, however, even hypomania can be problematic. For example, "people learn that jokes told during a hypomanic episode may have met with roaring approval when made at an office party, but are later cited as an obstacle to promotion at their annual review. Individual purchases that may seem like irresistible good deals turn out to be pointless expenditures costing a person and his or her family significant, if not catastrophic, financial strain." 

 

  Hypomania is not the same degree during each episode. Sometimes it may be full blown manic or it may be preceded by severe depression. Note to the behavioral health informed, hypomanic episodes could be a sign that a more severe manic episode soon come or you're about to crash (you're about to become depressed.)

 

 

The experience of Mania & Hypomania

 

"Mania describes the activated phase of bipolar disorder". When it is less severe, it is called hypomania. The symptoms are varying.

 

  When on the high/up part of bipolar disorder, people evaluate themselves as very productive, a social butterfly or very confident. When on the high/up part of hypomania, people describe that high as better than any other time in their lives. The high is exaggerated, however. In moment, they cant understand why others would describe their behavior as abnormal or a disorder.

 

 "They feel excited, have surges of energy, and describe feeling more creative, attractive, active, intelligent, important, and sexual. They may take on a tremendous amount of work, and most times accomplish only a fraction of it. For some people, the experience of elevated mood consists mostly of irritability and hostility. Hypomania is often very appealing to individuals who have recently come out of an extended episode of depression so common in bipolar II disorder".

 

 If you remember what I said earlier, an elevated mood / high is usually a sign that more serious conditions soon come. The hypomania mood becomes more irresistible or elevated, more unpredictable and judgement impaired. These are clearer signs that mania developing from the hypomania.  person in this active state, usually is not aware of their actions.

 

According to NAMI research, spending sprees, alcohol and drug, and hypersexuality are common in this state. While in this state, one can get into psychosis and lose focus on reality. It is important to get help during episodes. Most don't recognize anything is wrong, while in the active state.

 

Thanks for taking the time to read and understand a small part of bipolar. By learning and applying this knowledge in everyday interaction, you will become a better you and a better community member. For more of my thoughts, you can check me out at total-razzaq.com Until next time behavioral health community.

 

 

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